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BASELINE SURVEY

img Summary of key findings for the folktales baseline survey conducted in six (6) communities namely; Yandoya, Ungwan Sarki, Ungwan ROMI, Gonin-Gora, Mahuta and Millennium city. From 6th-11th July 2022.

Introduction

Africans have rich cultures and traditions which they hold in high esteem. They live in family units surrounded by relatives, they share together in a communal way, their joys, sadness, griefs. Africans like other people across the globe, have a set of value which they consider important and so, necessitate the preservation of such value; these values are communicated through various means which could be through formal education, non-formal education, trade and craftmanship, folktales by the elderly or wise in the community.

Methodology

For this study, the methodology used was the qualitative method. Respondents were asked open ended questions in groups which consists of atleast five people. Respondents were able to give indepth answers on the subject matter.

Objective

It may be said that education that a society offers it youth reflects the sum total of what is held dear in that society. In many African societies, an important aspect of traditional education is concerned with teaching oral literature using folktales, proverbs and riddles with the aim of shaping character and helping children inculcate morals such as honesty, integrity, hard work, courage, bravery and solidarity.
In line with the Sustainable development goal 4 which is quality education and goal 11, sustainable cities and communities, a baseline study was carried out in six communities within Kaduna metropolis namely; Yan Doya, Ungwan Sarki, Ungwan Romi, Gonin-Gora, Mahuta and Millenium city with male and female respondents between the ages of 30-80 years, to understand the impact of folk tales in promoting social values in the community and the society at large with a view to note the implication for positive change.

Total Number of Respondents

36 respondents.
Each group had in at least five people in attendance and six people at most. In five communities with the exception of Yandoya, women were mostly the respondents who constitute about 90% because they were responsible for telling stories to the children hence our selection criteria. The other 10% where men mostly between the ages of 30-40.
90% of the respondents across all groups say the essence of folktales in the African society is to inculcate morals in children as they are asked what morals they learn at the end of every story. The children try to come up with what they learnt from the story but are guided by the story teller on what the moral of the lesson is.
10% of respondents say story telling preserves the history of a people in that they pass their history and culture by telling stories about the past to younger generation as a way of preserving history and events in the community.
Almost all respondents say they had some form of entertainment they engaged in while growing up. For the boys, they played with tires, rolling them from one end to another, they played “kodi” “langa” “hide and seek” “turke” while the girls played “gada” “charapke” “Yan gala-gala” “suwe” and cooked food using sand but both boys and girls were told beautiful stories while growing up though about 50% cannot recollect these stories. The other 50% could remember stories such as “gizo da koki” the “the tortoise whose name was all of you and the birds at a feast in the sky” “Yar Mowa and Yar Bora”, “the scary masquerade that swallows stubborn children” other stories of wars and great people who lived in the community before now.
Though stories are hardly told now, a few people still tell stories to their children because of its relevance. Story telling has become rare these days because of economic hardship, experienced all over. Parents and guardians work so hard to meet the demands of their families thereby not being able to tell their children and wards stories because by the time they are back from their vocations, they are tired. The children also are exhausted from school and would fall asleep after their piles of homework and assignments.
No village is still a village as modernization such as roads, pipe borne water, electricity and other facilities are almost everywhere, the way and culture of the rural areas gradually begin to fade with time, giving room for alien cultures and traditions. Insecurity to large extent is posing a threat to folktales in Nigeria, in the rural areas where this culture tends to be common, people are being faced with insecurity, a large number of the population move to urban or semi-urban areas to avoid the situation.
To achieve the purpose of education in our society which the SGD goal 4 seeks to address, we cannot over emphasize the use of folktales, songs, riddles and proverbs. These are tools with which children and youth learn so easily by. A child hardly forgets what he learns when he listens to it as a story, song, or riddle.
As for goal 11, which is sustainable cities and communities, there should be access roads, reconnecting cities with rural areas, boosting green spaces for healthier environment and improved life style.
Conclusively, quality education a calm and beautiful environment should be the focus if we want to impart knowledge, morals and values that would help to achieve sustainable development without which we remain stagnant as individuals, a community or society at large.

Key Findings;

*Folktales were used to inculcate morals and also educate children
* Folktales are hardly told to children because of the economic hardship
*Insecurity poses a threat to the folktale culture.
*Technology has taken over the folktale culture in the society.
*There was communality in the olden days where stories were told.

Recommendation

Respondents recommend that folktales should be digitized such that children can access stories from televisions, phones and radios which are easily at their disposal.
Respondents also recommend that insecurity should be tackled to enhance a safe and peacful communities where folktales thrive

Mercy Shekari.

Baseline Researcher.
July,2022.

Projects

African Folktales Workshop, Kaduna

Two Good Heads